Cairo is Africa’s most heavily populated city and the Arab world’s cultural center with a population of over 17 million inhabitants . It is the largest city in the Middle East and despite the fact that only about 1,000 years old, parts of the metropolis date back to the time of the Pharaohs. The Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza, for example, are visible evidence of the Ancient Egyptian civilization around the Nile river.

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